The 5 Common Neck Injuries That You Should Know About

May 10, 2022

The 5 Common Neck Injuries That You Should Know About

 

You and I could have something in common -- we both could be nursing a neck problem right now. We’re likely not alone, because according to a study done by Childsneck injuries are common.

The study shows that 10% to 20% of the population reported having neck problems, with 54% of people experiencing neck pain within the last 6 months. It's also estimated that 22% to 70% of the population will have neck pain some time in their lives.

The chances of you injuring your neck also increase as you age, with neck osteoarthritis and degenerative disc disease being common conditions that cause neck pain.

While the rise in technology made it easier for us humans to do tasks, it has also made us prone to getting these injuries. 

Even now, you’re probably reading this on your phone while your neck bends in ways that it shouldn’t! 

Poor posture while doing activities such as watching TV, using your phone, and working at a desk can contribute to you injuring your neck. These injuries can often affect your daily routines such as driving and cooking and can become a huge inconvenience.

We know that your neck is an important part of the body, so we’ve taken the liberty to help you recognize some of the most common neck injuries and how you can treat them

Who said managing neck injuries had to be a pain in the neck? 

What Makes Up Your Neck?

Composing your neck are many complex parts. By understanding the anatomy of the neck, you’ll be able to understand how injuries to the neck can occur. 

The bones of the neck, also called the cervical spine, consist of seven bones or vertebrae (C1 to C7). These bones stack on top of each other and allow the neck to rotate and move in different directions.

 

 

Cushioned between these vertebrae are structures called the cervical discs. They act as shock absorbers for the neck and allow them to bend, twist, and resist compression forces. 

Along the cervical bones lie a network of nerves and blood vessels that resemble wires powering the appliances you have at home. This makes the area prone to cervical injuries that compress the nerves or blood vessels. 

The neck is also divided into triangles, with each one containing specific muscles, vessels, and nerves. Most of the neck muscles connect the head to the torso. These muscles are responsible for movements such as nodding the head, bending the head to the sides and rotating the head. 

Now that we have an overview of the parts of the neck, let’s dive into the most common neck injuries.

Neck Sprain or Strain

Sprains and strains are common neck injuries that occur during sudden, jarring motions. Sprains happen when the ligaments in the neck stretch beyond their capacity, while strains occur when the neck muscles or tendons tear. 

Symptoms of a neck sprain or strain

These are some of the symptoms that can occur with a neck sprain or strain:

  • Pain in the back of the neck or upper shoulder that becomes worse as you move your head
  • Difficulty moving or turning your head
  • Painful headaches
  • Neck stiffness
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Tingling, numbness, or weakness in the arms or hands
  • Swelling may be present at the site of injury

Watch this video to get a more detailed overview of what neck sprains and strains are.

 

 

How to treat a neck sprain or strain

Neck sprains or strains will heal if treated the right way. Your doctor may recommend you wear a brace or a soft collar to support and help relieve pressure on the ligaments and muscles in the neck. 

There’s an array of medications available over the counter that can help relieve pain. Ask your doctor about what medications are best to take if your neck pain becomes unbearable.

In conjunction with taking pain medications, it’s a good idea to apply an ice pack to the injured area. 

You should use cold therapy for the first 24 to 48 hours after the onset of the injury. After that period, you can switch over to hot therapy, or you can alternate both hot and cold applications. 

You can find what you need to ease your pain here at IceWraps.com, where ice and hot packs for pain relief are available at a click of a button. 

Sprains or strains usually heal on their own but seeing a physical therapist is never a bad idea. Your therapist can have you perform both stretching and strengthening exercises for your neck muscles. 

They can give you a home exercise routine so you’d be able to exercise without stepping out of your front door. 

How awesome is that?

This video will teach you exercises that you can do at home to relieve your neck pain. These techniques also strengthens your neck muscles which helps your posture.



With enough rest and the right treatment, most people recover from a neck sprain or strain within four to six weeks,while more serious neck injuries could take over a few months to heal.  

Cervical Herniated Disc

The discs that are between each vertebra have a gel-like substance at the center. Making up the outer part of the disc are cartilaginous fibers that keep the gel in place

A herniated disc occurs when the outer part containing the gel tears or ruptures, causing the gel to bulge out. Think of yourself squeezing a burger together to fit in your mouth before you bite into it. You squeezing it makes the patty, along with all its contents, bulge out and fall off. That’s similar to what happens in a herniation.

This bulge then compresses the nerve root or spinal cord, injures the neck, and causes symptoms such as radiating pain or numbness. 

A herniated disc is also called a “ruptured disc” or a “slipped disc”, and is one of the most common neck injuries.

Symptoms of a herniated disc

If the disc presses on a nerve root, symptoms may include:

  • Numbness or tingling in the arm or shoulder that may run down to the fingers
  • Weakness in the arm or hand
  • Pain that radiates to the arm and hands

If the disc presses on your spinal cord, however, more serious symptoms can occur such as:

  • Difficulty with or stumbling while walking
  • Shock-like feelings running down your body to your legs
  • Problems in fine motor control like using your hands and arms to hold objects 
  • Loss of coordination and balance

If you want a visual explanation of what goes on in a herniation, watch this video as it thoroughly explains how a cervical herniated disc happens.


 

How to treat a herniated disc

The usual treatment for a mild herniated disc can include conservative treatments like taking medications, applying ice or hot packs, and getting the proper rest. 

Here at IceWraps.com, we have ice packs that fit comfortably on your neck like our extra-large neck ice pack. If you're looking for pain relief, this ice pack is sure to do the trick. 

While applying an ice pack, you should also change the way you do specific activities to prevent the pain from worsening. This can include avoiding or at least minimizing, movements that can make the pain worse. 

Having a physical therapist evaluate your neck injury to get the proper treatment will ensure that your condition heals as fast as possible.  

Surgery is an option for individuals with more serious symptoms such as neurological deficits. It's important to have a medical professional evaluate your symptoms to rule out conditions such as a spinal cord injury.

Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease

Cervical degenerative disc disease happens when the disc of your cervical spine goes through the normal changes associated with aging. Although degenerative disc disease may cause a herniated disc, it’s a completely different neck injury

As we mentioned, the cervical discs are like shock absorbers that support the neck during movements. When you’re born, water is what makes up most of the cervical disc. As you age, the disc loses water and can break down, causing pain in your neck. 

Symptoms of cervical degenerative disc disease

Symptoms of degenerative disc disease may vary depending on the location of the weak disc and how much of a change the disc has gone through.

Some of the common symptoms of this can include:

  • Neck pain 
  • Nerve pain
  • Tingling and numbness in the shoulders, arms, or hands
  • Pain that becomes worse with movement 

Watch this video to get a better understanding of what cervical degenerative diseases are and how they occur.



How to treat cervical degenerative disc disease

Due to the constant bone-to-bone rubbing, pain and inflammation can be present at the site, which could disrupt your everyday activities. To treat neck pain, your doctor may recommend pain medications and ice pack application to the painful site.

Resting and activity modifications are vital as well. If you spend most of your day sitting down, then it would be a good idea to invest in a chair with proper neck and back support. 

Be mindful of your posture and sleeping position, as poor posture may cause your symptoms to worsen. 

In addition to that, undergoing physical therapy will help strengthen the muscles of your neck, improving support and stability for your neck.

Cervical Osteoarthritis (Cervical Spondylosis)

Osteoarthritis, also known as cervical spondylosis, is another common neck injury that involves changes to the bones, cartilages, and joints. The cause of these changes is due to the normal wear and tear that happens as we age. 

As you age, the cartilage between your joints begins to wear away. Once the cartilage wears away, the bone starts rubbing on the bone. This can cause the bone to deform and form abnormal growths called osteophytes

Symptoms of cervical osteoarthritis

The symptoms of cervical osteoarthritis include:

  • Neck stiffness and pain, especially in the morning
  • Headaches 
  • Pain in the shoulders or arms
  • Difficulty in turning or bending the head
  • Grinding noises or grinding sensations when turning the neck
  • Formation of osteophytes
  • Bone deformation

This video breaks down what cervical osteoarthritis is and how it can occur. The images used in the video will help you understand this condition better.


 

How to treat cervical osteoarthritis

Unfortunately, there’s no way to stop bones from degenerating as we grow older. If only we can stop the aging process, right? Wouldn't that be a big help!

Despite this, you’ll still be able to manage your symptoms to slow down the degenerating process.

Your doctor may prescribe you medications to reduce your pain. While on pain medications, getting the proper rest will be important. You’ll most likely have to stop certain activities that make the pain worse, or you’ll have to figure out a way to modify those activities to minimize or eliminate your neck pain. 

Aside from that, surgical treatments are also available in cases where symptoms are more serious. 

Fractured Cervical Spine

Also known as a broken neck, a fractured cervical spine occurs when a break in the cervical vertebra is present.

Fractures usually result from high-energy trauma, such as car accidents or fallsNeck fractures resulting from ground-level falls such as falling off a chair are common among the elderly population.

Symptoms of a fractured cervical spine

Symptoms of a fractured cervical spine will depend on the severity of the fracture. These symptoms can range from localized pain to neurological symptoms. 

Among the symptoms of a fractured cervical spine are:

  • Neck pain and stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Decreased or inability to move the head
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms and hands
  • Neurological disorders, like breathing difficulties, can occur if the spinal cord damages

How to treat a fractured cervical spine

The treatment for a neck fracture will depend on the location of the fracture, how severe it is, and what type of fracture it is. There are two routes you can go: the conservative (non-operative) and the invasive (operative) route. 

Some minor fractures can heal on their own in weeks or months with the right treatment, pain medications, and rest. While more serious fractures will need surgery to fix the affected bones. 

Wearing a neck brace will be ideal for mild compression fractures. This can help support the neck and prevent excessive movement. It also serves as a nice fashion statement.

If you opted for surgery, you’ll need physical rehabilitation for at least a few weeks. Your therapist can give you post-surgery exercises to strengthen your neck muscles and keep them from shrinking. 

Your therapist may also use heat or cold therapy in conjunction with doing exercises. This would be a safe way to reduce the pain or stiffness that comes after undergoing surgery.

Beat These Common Neck Injuries

There you have it – the 5 most common neck injuries!

We hope you’re not up to your neck with all this information. 

As we mentioned in this article, there are many options that you can choose from when it comes to finding the right pain relief for your neck injury. 

These solutions can be conservative or invasive, depending on the severity of your injury. 

Always remember that a healthy diet with regular exercise will also be beneficial to your recovery.

 

 

With the right treatment, rest, and medical consultation, you’ll be able to recover from these common neck injuries in no time.

The importance of heat and cold therapy in the recovery of neck injuries is self-evident. Cold therapy should be used for newer injuries, whereas hot therapy should be used for older and more chronic injuries.

We have a range of gel and clay packs at IceWraps.com that will meet your needs. We have ice packs that wrap securely over your neck as well as packs that cover your entire lower back to maximize pain relief.

With IceWraps.com, pain relief is only a click away!


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